Spring 2013 Vocabulary
A Raisin in the Sun
graft |noun| Practices, esp. bribery, used to secure illicit gains in politics or business; corruption.
express |verb| Convey (a thought or feeling) in words or by gestures and conduct.
enthusiasm |noun| Intense and eager enjoyment, interest, or approval.
inspiration |noun| The process of being mentally stimulated to do or feel something, esp. to do something creative: "flashes of inspiration".
shallow |adjective| Of little depth.
worthwhile |adjective| Worth the time, money, or effort spent; of value or importance.
vacuum |noun| A space entirely devoid of matter.
stubborn |adjective| Having or showing dogged determination not to change one's attitude or position on something, esp. in spite of good arguments or reasons..
frighten |verb| Make (someone) afraid or anxious.
dreary |adjective| Dull, bleak, and lifeless; depressing: "the dreary routine of working, eating, and trying to sleep".
civil |adjective| Of or relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns, as distinct from military or ecclesiastical matters.
dignity |noun| The state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect.
bitter |adjective| Having a sharp, pungent taste or smell; not sweet.
assimilation |noun| The state of being assimilated; people of different backgrounds come to see themselves as part of a larger national family.
descendant |noun| A person, plant, or animal that is descended from a particular ancestor.
heritage |noun| Property that is or may be inherited; an inheritance.
eccentric |adjective| Unconventional and slightly strange: "my eccentric aunt".
oppressive |adjective| Unjustly inflicting hardship and constraint, esp. on a minority or other subordinate group.
dominant |adjective| Most important, powerful, or influential: "they are now in an even more dominant position in the market".
business |noun| A person's regular occupation, profession, or trade.
disturb |verb| Interfere with the normal arrangement or functioning of.
sophisticated |adjective| Diminish or destroy the value or quality of: "I wouldn't want to spoil your fun".
catalog |noun| A complete list of items, typically in alphabetical or other systematic order, in particular.
drunkard |noun| A person who is habitually drunk.
gesture |noun| A movement of part of the body, esp. a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning: "so much is conveyed by gesture".
rough |adjective| Having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level.
shrewd |adjective| Having or showing sharp powers of judgment; astute.
civilization |noun| The most advanced stage of human social development and organization.
gamble |noun| An act of gambling; an enterprise undertaken or attempted with a risk of loss and a chance of profit or success.
psychology |noun| The scientific study of the human mind and its functions, esp. those affecting behavior in a given context.
nagging |noun or adj| Annoy or irritate (a person) with persistent faultfinding or continuous urging.
sculpture |noun| The art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, esp. by carving stone or wood or by casting metal or plaster.
lecture |noun| An educational talk to an audience, esp. to students in a university or college.
approval |noun| The action of officially agreeing to something or accepting something as satisfactory.
distaste |noun| Mild dislike or aversion.
surround |verb| Be all around (someone or something): "the hotel is surrounded by its own gardens"
ignore |verb| Refuse to take notice of or acknowledge; disregard intentionally: "he ignored her question".
volcano |noun| A mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are or have been..
fraternity |noun| A group of people sharing a common profession or interests: "members of the hunting fraternity".
sharp |adjective| Having an edge or point that is able to cut or pierce something.
moan |verb| Make a long, low sound expressing physical or mental suffering or sexual pleasure.
helpless |adjective| Unable to defend oneself or to act without help: "the cubs are born blind and helpless".
remember |verb| Have in or be able to bring to one's mind an awareness of (someone or something that one has seen, known, or experienced in the past).
difficulty |noun| A thing that is hard to accomplish, deal with, or understand.
atmosphere |noun| The air in any particular place: "we couldn't breathe in the dusty atmosphere".
desperation |noun| A state of hopelessness, typically one that results in rash or extreme behavior.
rebuff |verb| Reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.
degree |noun| The amount, level, or extent to which something happens or is present.
invade |verb| To enter forcefully as an enemy; go into with hostile intent
misery |noun| A state or feeling of great distress or discomfort of mind or body.
butcher |verb| Slaughter or cut up (an animal) for food.
spoiled |past participle| Diminish or destroy the value or quality of: "I wouldn't want to spoil your fun".
pitch |noun| The quality of a sound governed by the rate of vibrations producing it; the degree of highness or lowness of a tone.
renaissance |noun| The revival of art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th–16th centuries.
committee|noun| A group of people appointed for a specific function, typically consisting of members of a larger group.
lowdown |noun| The true facts or relevant information about something: "get the lowdown on the sit-in".
category |noun| A class or division of people or things regarded as having particular shared characteristics: "five categories of intelligence".
appreciate |verb| Recognize the full worth of. Also, to be grateful for (something).
incident |noun| An event or occurrence.
destroy |verb| Put an end to the existence of (something) by damaging or attacking it.
tonight |adverb| On the present or approaching evening or night.
package |noun| An object or group of objects wrapped in paper or plastic, or packed in a box
agitation |noun| A state of anxiety or nervous excitement.
convention |noun| A way in which something is usually done, esp. within a particular area or activity.
improvement |noun| An example or instance of improving or being improved - getting better..
comfortable |adjective| Providing physical ease and relaxation:
concern |noun| Anxiety; worry.
threaten |verb| State one's intention to take hostile action against someone in retribution for something
ridicule |verb| Subject to mockery and derision - to make fun of someone.
prejudice |noun| An unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
stakes |noun| A monetary or commercial interest, investment, share, or involvement in something, as in hope of gain.
community |noun| a social group of any size whose members reside in a specific locality, share government, and often have a common cultural and historical heritage.
deserve |noun| To merit, be qualified for, or have a claim to (reward, assistance, punishment, etc.) because of actions, qualities, or situation.
sparkling |adjective| To be brilliant, lively, or vivacious.
prosperous |adjective| Having or characterized by financial success or good fortune; flourishing; successful.
elaborate |adjective| Worked out with great care and nicety of detail; executed with great minuteness.
license |noun| Formal permission from a governmental or other constituted authority to do something, as to carry on some business or profession.
strike |verb| To deal a blow or stroke to (a person or thing), as with the fist, a weapon, or a hammer; hit.
strength |noun| The quality or state of being strong; bodily or muscular power; vigor.
reason |noun| A basis or cause, as for some belief, action, fact, event, etc.
raisin |noun| A grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery.
remember |verb| To recall to the mind by an act or effort of memory; think of again.
conclusion |noun| The end or close; final part.
critical |adjective| Inclined to find fault or to judge with severity, often too readily.
identify |verb| To recognize or establish as being a particular person or thing; verify the identity of.
pride |noun| a high or inordinate opinion of one's own dignity, importance, merit, or superiority, whether as cherished in the mind or as displayed in bearing, conduct, etc.
pried |verb| Looked closely or curiously; peered; peeped.
ambulance |noun| A specially equipped motor vehicle, airplane, ship, etc., for carrying sick or injured people, usually to a hospital.
dangerous |adjective| Full of danger or risk; causing danger; perilous; risky; hazardous; unsafe.